Social Capital

Personal identity

Being able to express ‘who they are’ is important for people’s sense of self and overall wellbeing. A society which is inclusive of differences is desirable as it enables members to participate fully in life, and gives them a sense of belonging and security [14].

The indicator measures people’s ability to be themselves in New Zealand. This indicator presents the proportion who reported it was easy or very easy to be themselves in New Zealand, as reported in the 2018 Canterbury Wellbeing Survey.

The figure shows that in 2018, approximately 80 percent (80.1%) of respondents in greater Christchurch indicated that they find it easy or very easy to be themselves in New Zealand. The figure also shows that a statistically significantly higher proportion of Selwyn District respondents (85.6%) indicated they find it easy or very easy to be themselves in New Zealand than Christchurch City respondents and greater Christchurch respondents, overall (Selwyn District not significantly different from Waimakariri District).

The figure shows that in 2018, European respondents were more likely than Māori respondents and those in the Pacific/Asian/Indian ethnic group, to report that it was very easy or easy to be themselves in New Zealand (84.3%; 74.5%; and 51.5% respectively). The differences between the groups are statistically significant.

The figure shows that in 2018, younger people were less likely than older people to report that it was very easy or easy to be themselves in New Zealand (18–24 years, 70.0%; 25–34 years, 75.6%; 35–49 years, 79.9%; 60–54 years, 82.1%; and 65+ years, 88.0%). The difference shown between young people’s (18–24 years) ease of being themselves, and those in the three oldest age groups (35–49 years, 50–64 years, and 65+ years), is statistically significant.

The figure shows that males and females expressed a similar level of ease with being themselves in New Zealand (82.7% of females reported it was very easy or easy to be themselves, compared with 78.4% of males).

In 2018, people with higher household incomes were more likely than people with lower household incomes to feel it was very easy or easy to be themselves in New Zealand (87.6% of those with annual household incomes over $100,000; 81.7% with incomes $60,000–$100,000; and 77.1% with incomes $30,000–$60,000; compared with 72.5% for those with incomes under $30,000; proportion for highest income group statistically significantly higher than for all other groups).

The figure shows, in 2018, respondents with a long-term health condition or disability were statistically significantly less likely to indicate that it is very easy or easy for them to be themselves in New Zealand (73.8%), compared with those respondents without a long-term health condition or disability (82.3%).

Data Sources

Source: Canterbury District Health Board.
Survey/data set: Canterbury Wellbeing Survey to 2018. Access publicly available data from the Community and Public Health (Canterbury DHB) website www.cph.co.nz/your-health/wellbeing-survey/
Source data frequency: Annually.

View technical notes and data tables for this indicator.

Updated: 25/10/2019