Environment

Access to transport

Transport systems and infrastructure (including public transport) influence health and wellbeing by enabling access to other important resources, such as employment, education, and social and health care services. Transport infrastructure that is safe and easy to navigate increases the likelihood of residents using environmentally sustainable modes of transport, such as walking and cycling [3]. Levels of physical activity are influenced by the walkability and cycle-ability of the local environment [3].

This indicator presents the proportion of those 18 years and over, satisfied or very satisfied with their ease of access to suitable transport to daily activities, using Canterbury Wellbeing Survey data from 2017 and 2018 [8].

The figure shows that the proportion of respondents who indicated that they were satisfied or very satisfied with their ease of access to suitable transport to daily activities, has decreased from 80.1 percent in 2017 to 72.4 percent in 2018. This decline, of 7.7 percentage points, is statistically significant.

The figure shows that satisfaction with ease of access to suitable transport decreased over the 2017 to 2018 time period: in Christchurch City (80.9% to 74.0%; -6.9 percentage points); Selwyn District (78.1% to 68.5%; -9.6 percentage points); and Waimakariri District (75.6% to 63.9%; -11.7 percentage points). The decreases in satisfaction reported by Christchurch City and Waimakariri District respondents are statistically significant, both over time (2017 compared to 2018), and between the two areas in 2018.

The figure shows that the proportion of European, Māori, and Pacific/Asian/Indian respondents who reported being satisfied or very satisfied with their ease of access to suitable transport, has converged across greater Christchurch from 2017 to 2018. In 2017, Pacific/Asian/Indian respondents were statistically significantly less satisfied with their access to transport than European and Māori respondents. The differences between ethnic groups were no longer statistically different in 2018.

The figure shows that the proportion of respondents who reported being satisfied or very satisfied with their ease of access to suitable transport, decreased for all age groups from 2017 to 2018. The largest decrease was in the 18 to 24 years age group, which decreased by 15 percentage points (80.2% in 2017 and 65.0% in 2018). In 2018, there were more pronounced between-group differences, and the younger age groups were notably less satisfied with their access to transport compared with the older age groups (statistically significantly lower for the 18–24 years age group compared with the 35–49 years, 50–64 years, and 65+ years age groups).

The figure shows no statistically significant differences in the proportion of female and male respondents who reported being satisfied or very satisfied with their ease of access to suitable transport, in both 2017 and 2018.

The figure shows no statistically significant differences in the proportion of respondents who indicated that they were satisfied or very satisfied with their ease of access to transport, in greater Christchurch, by annual household income (69.2% for <$30,000 to 74.7% for $100,000+, 2018). However, there is a general pattern of increasing satisfaction with increasing income, and satisfaction was statistically significantly different between the lowest and highest income bands in 2017.

The figure shows a statistically significantly lower proportion of respondents with a long-term health condition or disability indicating that they were satisfied or very satisfied with their ease of access to suitable transport in greater Christchurch in both 2017 and 2018 (for example 63% with a long-term health condition or disability and 75.2% without, 2018). The size of this difference remained relatively unchanged between 2017 and 2018 (6.7 and 7.2 percentage points, respectively).

Data Sources

Source: Canterbury District Health Board.
Survey/data set: Canterbury Wellbeing Survey, 2018. Access publicly available data from the Community and Public Health (Canterbury DHB) website www.cph.co.nz/your-health/wellbeing-survey/
Source data frequency: Annually.

View technical notes and data tables for this indicator.

Updated: 21/11/2018